Category Archives: Carbon Footprint

To Compost or not to Compost?

by, Liz Rutledge

Yimby Compost Bin

i Compost in the works!

I don’t know about you, but I cannot stand the smell of a stinky garbage bin.  All that rotting food gives off such a nasty stench.

One easy way we’ve lowered  our family’s carbon footprint is to start composting. And, as an added benefit, we no longer have the smelly trash issue.

I was shocked to learn that 1/3 of what goes to landfills is compostable.  Have you thought of reducing the amount of waste your household contributes to the landfill? Landfills emit methane as well as Carbon Dioxide and other gasses*.  Methane is a gas that is 20+ times more damaging to the Ozone Layer and traps up to 100 times more heat over a 5-year period than Carbon Dioxide (CO2).

Some cities, like our city of Denver,  have composting programs, which is a great option if you are not a gardener or if you rent an apartment or condo where composting is not allowed. You can reduce your trips to the dumpster and reduce your contribution to the landfill.

If you have your own property or rent in a property that has a community garden or landscaping, you can have your own compost!  Even if you live in an apartment, you can (usually) still have a worm farm.

Our family has been composting since 2000.   I can tell you that I do not miss having to go to the garden center and buy heavy, bagged-in-non-biodegradable-plastic bags.  Putting peelings and such in our kitchen collector bucket is a very natural action now and taking it out to the compost bin in the alley is just “something I do” as I head out for the day.

One of SustainableThree.com’s offerings is helping with compost start-up. After a brief interview, I can help you find a composter in your budget and a collection bucket for your kitchen. Then, it’s just a matter of collecting the right materials and giving it a weekly or bi-weekly stir. We set up the composter and get your composter cooking. If you want to learn the setup process, we can work together. Or, I can set it up and give quick instructions on how to maintain it. Once it’s set up, keeping it going is easy – just feed it and stir it regularly.

Sign up for a Composting Consultation and you’ll receive my “Composting Made Easy” guide FREE

Sign up here  for more information:

Building a Compost Bin

Building a Composter is Easy

*Methane and carbon dioxide make up 90 to 98% of landfill gas. The remaining 2 to 10% includes nitrogen, oxygen, ammonia, sulfides, hydrogen and various other gases. Landfill gases are produced when bacteria break down organic waste. (Source: https://www.health.ny.gov/environmental/outdoors/air/landfill_gas.htm)

I like to keep things simple (easy as 1-2-3), but if you want  more detailed information on composting, here are some resources:

http://eartheasy.com/grow_compost.html

https://www.theodysseyonline.com/panning-black-gold

earth911.com/home-garden/composting-how/

onegreenplanet.org/lifestyle/basic-composting-secrets/

planetnatural.com/composting-101/

Compost=Black Gold

Black Gold

Cutting Carbon: Interview w/Max Tyler

Colorado House Representative (Retired), Max Tyler

Colorado House Representative (Retired), Max Tyler

What inspires you to be environmentally conscientious?

“Here in Colorado, I’ve seen changes outdoors backpacking and mountain climbing. I’m seeing that pikas are disappearing because their life zone is moving above a livable climate. I don’t see as many camp robbers and other birds as I used to see. In 1981, I had my honeymoon in St. John in the Caribbean and the corals and fish were spectacular. Went back 10 years later and they were already disappearing. Now when I snorkel, I see that it’s been decimated. About half of our coral reefs are dying now.

Also, in Glacier National Park 37 years ago, the glaciers were spectacular. Since then, I’ve seen pictures and hope to go back this year to it see in person. But from what I have seen, the glaciers are basically gone. Looking at science was a true wake-up call. James Hansen’s (NASA) models are the scariest by far.  His recently published work is terrifying – catastrophic destruction of Antarctic shelf. Leading to sea level rise. Think Miami underwater.”

James Hansen Global Warming Study

“Science says climate is changing. We are causing it. We need to fix it. Climate change is the biggest moral crisis since dealing with slavery. We need to reduce carbon emissions in the next 5-6 years or 25 years from now there will be a huge stress on human civilization.”

What would you say was your biggest role as State Representative?

“I’ve always been interested in clean air and clean water…and being able to enjoy the wilderness. House Bill 1001 (2010) was the keystone of my work. Every session since that legislation passed (1001) in 2010, I’ve been working on bills to cut carbon directly (utility), changing mobile (more efficient vehicles), cut carbon footprint of building. I’ve gotten ideas on how commercial PACE (Property Assessed Clean Energy) can be more eco-friendly.

During my tenure, we put out the most aggressive electric vehicle tax credit in the country. I received a $6,000 tax credit (refund) for purchasing Chevy Volt (Which is a plug-in electric with an auxiliary gas engine that runs as a generator to charge the battery)/45 miles/day average range). [The all-electric Chevy Bolt has an approximate range of 230 miles per charge]. It’s more efficient and less polluting than a gas powered vehicle. That’s even taking into consideration that the vehicle may have been produced in an electric (coal fired) factory.”

What other steps have you personally taken to reduce your carbon footprint?

“We have super insulated our house, and installed a high performance boiler. We have a swamp  (evaporative) cooler instead of a traditional air conditioner, but the insulation has made it so we don’t run the swamp cooler any more. We have a shares in a community solar garden, bi-weekly recycling (recycle four times what we put in the landfill).  My wife is a gardener and we compost regularly. I am the Transportation Energy Committee Chair. And, I am going to the Rocky Mountain Institute’s eLab‘s Accelerator Event in Sundance, Utah in a couple weeks. They are working towards 100% renewables.”

What do you see as Colorado’s biggest environmental challenge?

“Cutting carbon emissions.

Big name companies like Google, Apple and other big name companies are committed to converting to renewable energy. So, Colorado should work towards that, too.

(Note – this was concerning the REA’s not Xcel or Black Hills. Including it either makes things a bit confusing or requires substantially more explanation).  Stationary sources of carbon emissions are one of the biggest challenges (top 10 are power plants. The next 10 big emitters include cement plants, landfills, gas plants).”

How can the average Coloradoan improve our environment?

“Focus on the big picture. Push political systems to start dealing with it properly. We are in dire straits at the National level and playing good defense the State level. Locally, we can have a huge impact. Push city councils and county commissioners to make a difference. Recycling, saving energy is good, but we really need to take the big steps to have a serious impact. Biggest impact is to cut our carbon emissions.

Our #1 issue is cutting carbon emissions.”

electronically Love Our Planet

 

What do you think of when you think of Valentine’s Day?  It’s a day of love.  In addition to loving the humans in our lives, what can we do to Love Our Planet?  We can electronically Love Our Planet (eLOPE) by taking action on-line as well as in the real world.

 

We can eLOPE in all sorts of ways…

Off-set your carbon footprint:

COOL Effect (https://www.cooleffect.org/) facilitates projects with a mission of carbon offset that also have the benefit of helping people and the planet.  Select a project that speaks to you here.  They also have a fantastic video about endangered snowmen: https://youtu.be/FX37zuHcwXM

Plant Trees – Virtually!

Many organizations will plant trees for you.

A Living Tribute (https://www.alivingtribute.org/) will plant a tree or multiple trees in memory of your recently deceased or in honor of someone.

Get Social!

Follow environmental organizations on Twitter, Pinterest, Instagram, Snapchat, etc.

Here are some suggestions to get you started:

Ceres @CeresNews

GreenAmerica @GreenAmerica

Many organizations will Tweet news and suggestions on actions you can take to offset your carbon footprint.

These have on-line carbon footprint calculators and programs to offset carbon impacts:

Carbon Fund  @Carbonfundorg

The Nature Conservancy  @nature_org

Ceres @CeresNews

CO2Balance.com – Provide carbon offset calculators, carbon offsets go to renewable energy, energy efficiency, and reforestation projects.

Conservation International – Has a Personal Carbon Calculator. Carbon offsets help protect the roughly 832,000-acre Makira Forest in northeast Madagascar.

MyClimate UK – Carbon offsets purchased go toward energy efficiency projects, and renewable energy.

Solar Electric Light Fund – Purchased offsets go toward installation of PV solar lighting in villages that currently use diesel or kerosene.

TerraPass – Makes is easy to use offsets purchased to go toward wind energy, biomass, and industrial efficiency. TerraPass is one of the most well-known and respected carbon offset provider in the world.

The Carbon Neutral Company – Offers access to advice, verification services, project funding, and routes to market for small-scale carbon projects generating regulated credits and credits matching requirements of the CarbonNeutral protocol.

Litter, Litter on the Ground…

Litter, Litter on the Ground…how long ’til you are found?

Litter

Paul Lewis…litter louts

Post Halloween candy wrappers are scattered on the ground about this time of year.  On the walk to my daughter’s school, I frequently see plastic sandwich baggies or granola bar wrappers.  (Funny, because I thought we ended littering in the 1980’s).  I usually pick them up, but sometimes it becomes an overwhelming task because there seems to be no end to it.  I have taught my children that they should pick up litter and put it in its proper place (the recycle bin if it’s recyclable, the garbage if it’s not).  But, once I (or they) pick up the litter, it is our responsibility to take care of it.

What does litter have to do with sustainable living?

Well, beyond the pure aesthetics, it can contaminate soil and water.  Especially if it seeps into the water table as well as clog storm drains and cause flooding.

On land, litter can smother plants, start fires and harm or kill animals. It also attracts rats and harmful bacteria.  On roadways, it can cause automobile accidents and injuries.  Like when people throw cans (or their fast-food restaurant waste) out their car window.  When litter (such as plastic straws and six-pack rings) end up in the ocean, it is devastating to marine life. Cigarette butts are terribly toxic.

Clean up efforts cost millions of dollars – so taxpayers are ultimately affected by litter in one form or another.  In a landmark study by Keep America Beautiful found that 85% of littering is attributed to individuals.

For our own part, we can be responsible about our own waste.  And…as you are walking around  – whether it be a parking lot, sidewalk, beach or mountain trail – pick up litter you see and dispose of it properly.  We can carry around biodegradable bags in our pockets or purses or backpacks and collect items in them until we can get it to a proper receptacle.  We’ll feel better for having done something good and the world will be a more beautiful place.

For more information on this topic, see these links:

http://education.seattlepi.com/littering-affect-environment-6802.html

http://www.sustainablebrands.com/news_and_views/behavior_change/case-study-how-we-changed-behavior-littering

Take Action!

Keep America Beautiful has heaps of research about littering, but also ways you can get involved:

https://www.kab.org/resources/end-littering

Save Water, Time and Money – Part 2

by,
Rob Rutledge

http://s3.amazonaws.com/digitaltrends-uploads-prod/2014/06/Screen-Shot-2014-06-04-at-3.15.24-PM.png

Smart Water Control – iPhone

Continuing the exploration of Smart Sprinkler controllers:  The goal is to save water, time and money but not have a dead lawn or landscaping.

There are many Smart Sprinkler controllers, and many definitions of what makes a sprinkler controller ‘smart’.  For instance, simply attaching a moisture sensor or rain sensor may qualify for some definitions of a Smart Sprinkler Controller.  However, I would like to think we can do better than simply attaching static sensors.  Therefore, I will limit my evaluation to those controllers that get weather data wirelessly and allow for control via mobile phone and computer, as well as allow for more intelligent watering by inputting landscaping and/or sprinkler information.  After all, I would like to think that better decision could be made rather than just automating the same binary decision of watering or not watering.  The final requirement is for the smart controller to adhere to the watering limitations of my water provider.  With these in mind, I return to the extensive list of Water Sense Smart Sprinkler Controllers.  Since most, if not all, of these controllers involve using the service associated with the controller (other than RainMachine which has a hybrid option), it seems as though there should be some consideration of the stability of the company.  After all, it would be unfortunate to make the investment in time and money to acquire and setup the controller, only to have it revert back to a normal controller or worse stop working all together due to the company providing the service going out of business.  Several of the companies are private, which limits the amount of due diligence that can be performed, so instead I will use longevity and multiple product offerings as a proxy for stability.  This is, of course, flawed.  But the best that can be done without extensive effort.  This only eliminates one that I thought looked intriguing, Skydrop.

 

Smart Home & Smart Investment? Part 3

Part III

by, Rob Rutledge

Ecobee Thermostat (ecobee.com)

Ecobee Thermostat (ecobee.com)

Nest Thermostat (nest.com)

Nest Thermostat (nest.com)

 

Furthering the journey towards a Smart Home, both the Nest and Ecobee thermostat optionshave very good reviews, and both have very cool technology behind them.  As an example I could adjust my home’s temperature while I am out of the house from a convenient app on my phone. The price of both is about the same (within $10).  It will come down to how I want to use them, and what will work best for my specific situation.  For instance, both have a motion sensing capability, and both will learn from how I adjust the temperature.  The motion sensing capability is particularly interesting to me as I only need my home to be cooled if I am currently using it, not while I am at the grocery store or out for a walk.  The challenge is that when I am at home, I often work from my office for hours at a time and that is not where my thermostat is located.  While I could schedule a walk by my thermostat every so often, that does not fulfill my desire to use technology to make my life easier rather than more complicated.  The EcoBee has a solution built in with remote sensors that I can place in different locations of my home.  That can provide the added benefit of helping keep the temperature consistent throughout the home.  I don’t have that issue with my home temperature, but I do want the motion detection of the remote sensor to eliminate having to walk by the thermostat or risk it thinking I am not home and trying to save some energy at the expense of my comfort.  Therefore, I will give the Ecobee a try and let you know how it goes.

Smart Home & Smart Investment? Part 2

Part II

by, Rob Rutledge

SmartHome 2

In previous years I raised the thermostat temperature as much as I could to remain comfortable during the day, which reduced the need for as much air conditioning.  At night, when weather gives us the opportunity, we open all windows and sleep with minimal clothes.  There are so many other options to reduce to need to cool, such as using the environment’s own changing temperatures.  Using shades to shield from the heat of the sun and opening shaded windows as soon as the temperature outside is lower than inside temperature.

However, there are times that I am not at home, or that our two story house is only used on one floor even though both are being air conditioned.  Remembering to turn off the air conditioning or raising the temperature every time is not easy or convenient. Some type of smart thermostat might be a solution to help further reduce my electricity bill while allowing me to remain comfortable. Upon further exploration, there are two front runner options.  The Nest and EcoBee thermostats appear to offer some options to help reduce my usage.  Back to my selection criteria, it appear as though I could install either myself.  The environmental impact seems to be positive from various viewpoints, including that many utilities are currently offering rebates for both of these thermostats, sometimes for up to $75.  Although there is a cost upfront for either of these thermostats that will not pay back for some time, even with the rebates there seems to be the promise of a reduced monthly bill, which is not unlike many other environmental options from solar panels to LED light installation.  Besides, there might even be energy savings year around, rather than just the summer, which is an added bonus.

The Smart Home: Part I

by, Rob Rutledge

Smart Home

Diagram of a Smart Home

As winter fades away, I am drawn to the question of this summer’s weather.  I suspect it will be hot, based on the relatively mild winter.  That means that the money I saved in heating bills this winter will be extracted from me in the form of electric bills to run air conditioning on sweltering days this summer.  Water bills will increase to keep our lawn at some minimal level of existence and nurture our vegetable garden.  What should I be doing now to help offset these increasing bills and have the added benefit of convenience?  I have heard about the promise of a smart home.  Is there some technology out there that will allow me to save money on a monthly basis and make my home more livable, or at the very least not increase the maintenance of my home?  As I think about the options, it gets even more complicated.  There are multiple competing technologies that provide very similar benefits.  Light control options alone take the form of light switch replacements, light socket replacements, or smart LED lights directly.  The underlying technology also varies, although a few front runners, may make this an easier decision soon.  The range of solutions can be overwhelming, and because of that there are options for home controllers, hubs or brains that will help coordinate all of these devices in a central location.  I am not sure I am ready to take the full dive into smart home yet, or that I could even afford it.  How can I decide where to start with a smart home option that will also reduce my carbon footprint?  I need to use a simple criteria to determine what to explore first:

  • Easy to understand and install myself
  • Proven benefit for my environmental impact
  • Financial benefit of reduced monthly bills (at least during the summer)

Upon examination of my monthly summer bills, the largest upward swing is in electricity and water.  Electricity is driven almost exclusively by air conditioning and water usage is driven by yard maintenance.  Electricity bills are much higher than water bills, so I will focus on that first.

A Poem

Earth, Air, Fire, Water, and Spirit

We are made of earth and to earth we all return

We are deep-air mammals living at the bottom of an ocean of air

We live by the slow fire of oxidation

In landscapes shaped by fire, air, and water

We are creatures more water than solid; eddies in one watershed or another

All part of one great watershed

We are spirits made matter, but we are spirit and that matters

We are sojourners in a mystery called time

by, David W. Orr

from Design on the Edge: The Making of a High-Performance Building

An Interview: Jay Treat from SolarCity

An Interview with Jay Treat from SolarCity

Jay Treat

by, Liz Rutledge

I had the pleasure of interviewing a representative of SolarCity last month.

Liz:  “When is a good time to go solar?”

Jay: “The best time to go solar is right now. The sooner you go solar, the sooner you start saving money and making a positive difference on the planet. People are already spending money every month for electricity – we make it easy for them to shift that money into building equity in their house. It’s the difference between renting electricity and owning it. That’s a concept people have never had the opportunity to get their minds around before. But, if I’m a homeowner, I know what it means to rent and I’ll choose owning every time.

Of course, the overall goal is to reduce your carbon footprint as much as possible. This can be done by swapping out appliances for more energy efficient ones, swapping incandescent light bulbs for CFLs or LEDs, insulating your home, for example.  But, not everyone has the luxury of being able to do all of these things immediately. However, if these energy saving measures are instituted, customers will generate a credit balance of energy in their solar bank account, but all of the energy they create contributes clean energy to the grid.”

Liz:  “We’ve been told our house is ineligible for solar panels.  What are some of the limiting factors?”

Jay: “The construction of a roof (pitch, orientation) and shade from nearby trees all impact eligibility – whether or not solar is an option.  Sometimes, the type of roofing material used poses a challenge…for example, if your roof is cedar shake, Spanish tile, slate, or t-lock shingle, it’s not viable for either the company of the customer to install solar panels.  Of course, with cedar shake and T-lock shingles, the homeowner will likely replace their roof within a few years anyway and typically, people move from those types to composite shingles. Then, they’ll be able to go solar. We can only mount solar panels on 40-50% of homes because of these various factors.”

Liz: “How much electrical usage can a customer off-set with solar energy?”

Jay: “Typically 60-80%. But the swing can be 0 to 100%, of course.”

Liz: “Why not 100%?”

Jay: “The offset is determined by two factors: the homes’ usage and the roof. The roof mostly because of shade or roof space/construction; obstructions (like sky lights, vents, gables, chimneys, evaporative coolers, etc.) all can impact offset.  But, other factors like the size of a family (which increases usage just because there are multiple people in multiple rooms) or whether you have two hot tubs and two freezers in your garage – your usage is going to be sky high).” The panels are always only going to produce so much and offset a fixed amount, regardless of usage.

Liz: “How long do solar panels last?  What happens to old solar panels when they’ve reached their end of life?”

Jay: “Solar panels typically have a 25-year warranty. But, they almost always last longer than that – there are still panels from the 1970’s that are generating energy. But, when they reach their end-of-life, they will be re-purposed.  SolarCity is opening a million square foot facility to produce solar panels, the largest on the planet (the first of several) will soon be opening a factory in Buffalo, NY.  It will be for panel manufacturing, but will also re-purpose old panels.  For the older and different technology – (that SolarCity does not use) called solar thermal technology, the copper can be removed and reused.”

Liz: “What’s the story with SolarCity?”

Jay: “SolarCity was created July 4, 2006 – the date is no accident – Independence Day – independence from fossil fuels was and is our goal.  It was founded by Lyndon Rive and his brother, Pete, bothcousins of Elon Musk (CEO of Tesla), who is also our chairman.  We have 350,000 systems across America, last month we booked 21,000 new customers so the total is increasing quickly.”

Liz: “Why have you chosen this career path?”

Jay: “I have always felt a deep connection with nature.  When I was a kid in Minnesota, I would run around in the woods for hours.  I developed a gratitude for nature and a passion for doing right by the planet.  Sometimes, I would witness dumping of garbage in the woods and was aghast.  I just couldn’t believe that someone would treat nature that way. We only get the one planet. When I learned I could contribute directly to making the air cleaner, the future brighter and save people money, I was hooked. We’ve got three kids and they are already having a different experience than we did as children and I want a bright and healthy future for them as well. Of course, people like to save money, so even if the planet is not a concern, solar still makes sense and I make a living. It’s a win across the board.”

To learn more about SolarCity and/or get a quote on getting your solar on, click here (full disclosure, I am an Ambassador and will also personally benefit financially if you choose to go solar – and you can too!):

share.solarcity.com/sustainablethree

You can get rewarded for referring others to SolarCity by becoming a Solar Ambassador, too!

For some exciting news about why it’s critical to support renewables, check out this article featured in the Washington Post:

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/energy-environment/wp/2016/03/16/this-key-rule-of-economics-and-the-environment-just-failed-again/

Collectively, renewables are making a difference and as a planet, we’re trending in the right way!

 

imrs